Sensitivity of teeth….
Before we precede onto this topic let me give u a brief about tooth structure…
Basically a tooth comprises of three layers….
1 enamel-the top most and hardest layer. It’s white in color.
2. Dentine-the second layer beneath enamel. It’s yellow in color. It’s softer and more sensitive
3. pulp-third and the innermost layer. It’s red in color. It’s the most sensitive part of tooth as it contains the nerve supply and blood supply of tooth.
So when enamel gets abraded or erodded, due to any of the causes mentioned below, the softer layer that’s dentine get exposed to the oral cavity (that is your mouth).so whenever we eat or drink anything we feel sensitivity. And when the damage extends beyond dentine then it reaches the inner most layers called pulp, which contains nerves and blood vessels and then u start feeling pain.
Now let’s get to the topic….
What is sensitivity…..?
The extreme sensation of hot and /or cold that u feels in your teeth while eating or drinking is sensitivity.
1. Abraded enamel-caused due to mechanical factors like hard/faulty/vigorous brushing or using a hard tooth brush.
2. Eroded enamel-caused due to chemical factors like smoking, chewing tobacco or pan masala and drinking carbonated drinks (cold drinks) in excess.
3. Cavities-small cavities that have not been treated.
4. Thin enamel-this is genetic or by birth. U can’t do anything about it, but a dentist can.
5. Bruxism-this is clenching of upper and lower teeth either consciously due to stress or unconsciously during sleeping at night.
1. Always use ultra soft brush and never brush your teeth vigorously. Hard brushing does not mean cleaner teeth should brush your teeth softly in short circular motions with ultra soft brush….
2. U need to control cold drinks and smoking and tobacco habits.
3. If there are small cavities in your mouth might not be able to see them yourself. But a dentist can warn you about impending cavities. So get a dental checkup done every six months and get small cavities filled. Don’t wait till the cavity becomes too large, reaches the pulp layer and start causing u pain.
4. If u genetically have thin layer of enamel, then u can ask your dentist about composite or ceramic laminates.
5. If u have bruxism problem, that is if u clench Ur teeth, get a night guard made for yourself from a dentist, else slowly all Ur teeth run the risk of getting abraded to a point where I’ll have immense sensitivity followed by pain.
6. Other remedy is to use sensitivity tooth pastes like thermoseal, sensodyne, thermokind….etc…
How to use these tooth pastes….
Wash your hands. Take a pea size amount of the tooth paste on your finger, and apply it on all your teeth. Leave the paste like that for 30 sec to one min.then wet your toothbrush and start brushing your teeth softly in small circular motions. the entire process will take you about 2 min.then rinse your mouth thoroughly and do not eat or drink anything after that for at least 20 min. Preferably do it in night so that u have ample time for your teeth.
While using this paste use regular paste in morning and use sensitivity paste in night.
Use this paste only for three months at a stretch, then give a gap of three months if u wishes to use the sensitivity tooth paste again. The reason is that when you use these toothpastes for prolonged periods, the ingredients of these toothpastes cause sclerosis of dentinal tubules. Sclerosis means hardening or inflammation and because of that inflammation the sensitivity increases.
Sensitivity is a very minor issue that carries the potential of becoming very big and painful problem if not tackled at the right time and with right measures.
Take care of yourself and your teeth, they are precious.